Xtoro to treat acute otitis externa, approved by FDA


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has approved Xtoro ( Finafloxacin otic suspension ), a new drug used to treat acute otitis externa, commonly known as swimmer’s ear.

Acute otitis externa is an infection in the outer ear and ear canal, usually caused by bacteria in the ear canal. Activities in which the ear is underwater can create a moist environment where bacteria may sometimes grow.
The infection causes inflammation of the ear canal leading to pain, swelling, redness of the ear and discharge from the ear.

Xtoro is an eardrop approved to treat acute otitis externa caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Xtoro is the newest drug belonging to the fluoroquinolone antimicrobial drug class to be approved by the FDA. It joins several other antibacterial drug products previously approved to treat ear infections.

Xtoro’s safety and efficacy were primarily established in two clinical trials where 1,234 participants between the ages of 6 months and 85 years were randomly assigned to receive Xtoro or its vehicle ( a solution without a fluoroquinolone ).
Clinical cure was achieved if the ear tenderness, redness and swelling were completely resolved.

Among 560 participants whose acute otitis externa was confirmed to be caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus, 70% who received Xtoro achieved clinical cure versus 37% who received the vehicle.
In addition, Xtoro was superior to the vehicle for clearing the bacteria based on ear culture, and eased ear pain sooner than the vehicle.

The most common side effects reported in Xtoro-treated participants were itching of the ear ( pruritis ) and nausea. ( Xagena )

Source: FDA, 2014

XagenaMedicine_2014



Indietro

Altri articoli

Fungal infections that are resistant to treatment are an emerging public health problem, but everyone has a role in preventing...


The U.S. Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) has advised that the serious side effects associated with fluoroquinolone antibacterial...


Office of Orphan Products Development ( OOPD ) of the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) has granted orphan...


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has concluded that Doribax ( Doripenem ), an antibacterial drug that has...


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has approved Sivextro ( Tedizolid phosphate ), a new antibacterial drug, to...


Use of Nitrofurantoin for urinary tract infections is contraindicated in patients with less than 60 mL/min creatinine clearance. Healthcare professionals...


Chronic bacterial prostatitis ( CBP ) is frequently diagnosed in men of fertile age, and is characterized by a disabling...


The Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) warned the public that Azithromycin ( Zithromax or Zmax ) can cause...


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has approved Altabax ( Retapamulin ointment ) for topical treatment of impetigo...